With the presence of varying medical conditions, it is common knowledge that there are different types of pharmaceutical drugs on the market today.
While you may understand this basic knowledge, you may not be able to tell which drug treats which ailment, its mechanism of action and its interaction.
Without such understanding, it is impossible to understand which over-the-counter drug to use under a certain health condition.
Disappointing as this may sound, there is no need to worry over it as this article has got your back.
There is a range of pharmaceutical drugs in pharmaceuticals store today.
Here is a guide to some different types of pharmaceuticals.
Otherwise known as antibacterial, antibiotics are a type of pharmaceutical drug used to treat bacterial infections.
They work by either inhibiting the growth of the bacteria or killing the bacteria.
While antibiotics cannot treat a viral infection such as flu, coughs and cold, they can prevent them from progressing into severe infections.
Penicillin, cephalosporins, macrolides, fluoroquinolones, sulfonamides, tetracyclines and aminoglycosides are the seven types of approved antibiotics.
Each antibiotic has a specific bacterial infection that it treats, hence should be prescribed by a doctor for desired results unless you deliberately want to experience the wrath of the medications (which you don’t).
Popularly sold under the name painkillers, analgesics are pharmaceuticals used to alleviate pain or symptoms of pain.
When the cells in your body get injured, they release a chemical referred to as prostaglandins making the nerve ending to detect it and transmit the pain to the nervous system and the brain.
By taking the painkillers, damaged cells are inhibited from producing prostaglandins chemicals hence the decrease if not a complete termination of pain.
The most common and highly effective painkillers in the store today are ibuprofen and acetaminophen.
Other types of analgesic rugs include opioid drugs like oxycodone and morphine, paracetamol and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
The type of painkiller administered by your doctor varies in relation to the level of pain you are experiencing.
3. Antimalarial Drugs
From the acronym itself, you can tell that this drug is used in the treatment of malaria.Various examples of antimalarial drugs include quinine, proguanil amodiaquine, mefloquine, sulfonamides, and chloroquine.
They are classified into two distinct yet related classes: the suppressive and casual malarial drugs.
Whereas the latter kills malaria before the parasite reaches the bloodstream, the former kills malaria that is already existent in your bloodstream.
The main mechanism of action of these pharmaceuticals is, therefore, killing the virus in an attempt of curing or preventing malaria from developing.
While other drugs are taken once the symptoms appear or when you feel sick, the antimalarial drugs can be taken two days before travelling to a malaria zone.
These decreases your chances of contracting the ailment while in this area.
However, if you are sick and have begun taking the anti-malarial dosage, you should ensure their completion even if when you feel healthy after days of taking the drugs.
These pharmaceuticals are almost similar to antibiotics but should not be confused with antibacterial.
While antibiotics treat bacterial infections on the lymphatic system, antiseptics are microbial used to treat bacterial infection on your skin.
Ideally, antiseptic is used in the treatment of the skin before cuts are made during surgical operations.
They work through reducing or killing these bacterial infections.
Alcohol, boric acid, hydrogen peroxide and iodine are examples of antiseptics.
The strength of antiseptics differs in relation to their effect on the tissue.
A powerful antiseptic like mercuric chloride irritates delicate tissues in spite of its strength.
Therefore, consider getting its prescription from your doctor as they can never go wrong with the perfect antiseptic for your condition.
5. Mood Stabilizers
While mood swings are normal, some may be too frequent hence abnormal.
Mood stabilizers are pharmaceutical drugs used to treat and prevent abnormal mood behaviors like bipolar disorder, anxiety and even depression.
They comprise drugs like lithium, asenapine, carbamazepine, lamotrigine and valproate.
Although their mechanism of operation is not well understood, they are thought of being pharmaceuticals that affect certain neurotransmitters in the brain responsible for mood.
They should be taken moderately since overdoing may have a serious effect on your health.
Also referred to as psych stimulants or colloquially as uppers stimulants, these are drugs that increase the activity of the brain and the entire body at large.
Classified under the class stimulants are drugs such as nicotine, prescription stimulants like Adderall and Ritalin, methamphetamine and cocaine.
Although effective only for a short period and can sometimes be highly addictive to the user.
It is not easy to explain their mechanism of action because each stimulant has unique properties making them have distinct mechanisms of action but similar outcomes.
Unless authorized by your medical practitioner, refrain from giving your child any stimulant more so the unprescribed stimulants as this may affect their mental state if not their life.
There is, however, no need to worry about their legality because the drugs are legal in most states.
Bottom line While all these pharmaceuticals are distinct in their mechanism of action and the illness, certain similarities are seen in all of them.
Firstly all of these drugs cannot be combined with a particular set of drugs.
Correspondingly they cannot be used under certain medical conditions.
It is, therefore, necessary to always inform your doctor of your current medications and your current and past medical status.
Doing so will help them know if the drugs are suitable for you.
Failure to observe this puts your health at risk because the drugs react by worsening your current situation or lowering the functionality of the medication you are using.
Also, understanding these different types of pharmaceuticals is not an assurance that all will work well for you.
You need to purchase the drugs from a reputable store as it serves as a guarantee of quality drugs and takes the medications as directed by your physician.
Now you know, don’t you?